Definition of clinical and related waste

Prescribed Wastes (covered by EPA regulations) include:

  • Sharps, such as discarded needles, scalpels, or anything capable of cutting or penetrating the skin
  • Clinical specimens other than urine or faeces
  • Laboratory cultures
  • Human tissue
  • Tissue, carcasses, or other waste arising from animals used for laboratory investigation or for medical or veterinary research
  • Human blood and body fluids other than urine or faeces
  • Urine or faeces, or materials or equipment containing urine or faeces, where there is visible blood
  • Materials or equipment containing human blood or body fluids other than urine or faeces (note that soiled sanitary napkins are not considered to be prescribed waste unless originating from the patient area of a hospital or clinic)
  • Wastes form patients known to have or suspected of having a communicable disease

Pharmaceutical substances, such as cytotoxic wastes and unwanted drugs and residues.

Laboratory waste chemicals from the health care industry, including waste solvents.


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